December, that “the question of the nationality of national groups that do not have independence from the State” should be resolved by “each State and its peoples constitutionally in an independent manner” and that “the right of minorities is an essential element of the constitutional right of peoples to self-determination”.  The agreement was conceived and negotiated in the coming months by the countries` diplomats and signed by the Allies between August 18 and September 26, 1917.  Russia was not represented in this agreement, because the tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution. The lack of Russian approval of the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne Agreement was then used by the British at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 to invalidate it, a position that greatly irritated the Italian government. .